Teaching grammar especially for adults or ESL teachers is one of the most difficult aspects of a language to teach. It is different method from native English speaker.
Before teaching grammar for ESL teacher need to be cleared these questions
- Objectives of the class
- Learner’s learning background
- Availability of learner’s resource
- Learning Style
Inductive and Deductive Teaching
Depending on the background of your ESL student, teaching inductively could prove far more effective than teaching deductively.
Inductive learning is also known as the bottom-up method. Students, especially those without recent educational backgrounds. This method is an effective for adult to learn quickly.
Deductive is known as a 'top down' approach. This is the standard teaching approach that has a teacher explaining rules to the students.
Grammar Lesson Outline
Begin with an exercise, game, listening, etc. that introduces the grammar concept
Introduce your target grammar rule/tense and explain when to use the grammar point and why.
Examples must be accurate and appropriate
Check responses, ask students to explain the grammar concept that has been introduced.
Stick with the grammar point you're teaching, rather than mixing it with other structures.
Use visual aids such as graphs, clocks, time-charts, etc.
Use real examples that relate to students' lives
Use games, competitions and role-plays.
Check and re-check that your students have got it.
Get students talking to each other, using the structure as a way of extending into conversation.
Practice questions and negative forms of the structure too.
Make use of homework as practice.
Don’t use long or irrelevant example
Don’t use complicated vocabulary
Don’t explain half rules. Explain everything in detail.
Don’t push too hard.
Different Methods of Teaching Grammar
- Grammar Translation – the classical method
- Direct Method – discovering the importance of speaking
- Audio-lingualism – the first modern methodology
- Humanistic Approaches – a range of holistic methods applied to language learning
- Communicative Language Teaching – the modern standard method
- Principled Eclecticism – fitting the method to the learner, not the learner to the method